Section I Neorealism
Neorealist art movements reflect social conditions and are commonly dedicated to the conflicts of their respective eras. The artists take the reality of suffering brought about by war, dictatorship and poverty as a theme for their art. In his piece "Homeless" (1992), Kazuo Katase shows the sleeping quarters of a homeless man. In his untitled installation, Alfredo Jaar uses as theme the genocide in Rwanda. Bruce Nauman aims at introducing physicality and moments of action into sculpture; he uses neon in "Run from Fear, Fun from Rear" (1972). Joseph Beuys coined the term "social sculpture" and attempted to unite nature, myth, art, science and society. His installation "öö" (1972/81) showed a part of the office space of the "Organization for Direct Democracy," which Beuys founded. Sarkis und Dennis Adams point out the presence of light in the deployment of weapons and thus generate negative connotations, too – the destructive power of light.