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· X or 0: Identities in the 21st century
· Herbert Kapfer intermedium: network for media art
· Peter Weibel intermedium: remapping the media
· intermedium records


X or 0: Identities in the 21st century

22 24 March 2002  ::  3-day weekend festival. The ZKM as broadcasting centre.
22 28 March 2002  ::  7 days intermedium on the radio and online.

intermedium 2 is presenting a coordinated programme of festival events, radio broadcasts and online components made up of various intermedia projects and discourse contributions: Radio Play Discourse Network Art Performance Installation VJ/DJ-ing.

During the period of the festival and on the subsequent four days for a total of one week, the broadcasting organizations taking part in intermedium 2 will be presenting in their programmes artistic productions, discussions, features and statements from renowned theorists and artists on the focal topic of X or 0: Identities in the 21st century.

Unknown or not available: the formula X or 0 stands for identity as a construct. The themes of identity and intermediality imply more than the debate on the man/machine interface; involved are not only technical or technicistic questions, but also sociological, political and ethical ones in the context of artistic and media presentation.


Herbert Kapfer
intermedium: network for media art

Media are almost omnipresent. Dealing with media reality is an elementary theme of artistic work in the narrower sense. Its public is limited. The information and entertainment flow ignores artistic questions and refuses to reflect. It narrates everything just like that, so to speak.
The exact opposite can be observed within and in relation to the arts: here nothing can be narrated just like that, nothing presents itself automatically without having determined in an aesthetic process narrative modes, forms of presentation and the question of means and media specifically in relation to the subject. The backward-looking postulate according to which "people need narratives" can be reflected back: the wealth of experimental narrative and presentation modes is only experienced by those who allow themselves the necessary openness and grant themselves freedom of perception.

Only in this way is it possible to experience the difference between narration and calculation, between narrative flow and data flow, between information about and insight for people. A non-reflective approach to the media involves switching off mentally.

From the concept of narration to the genesis of the initiative intermedium: the phenomenon mentioned above of arts converging was also evident in the radio play genre in the 90s. The growth in mixed aesthetic and medial forms created from performances, live broadcasts, presentations inspired by musical theatre, remix projects, online presentations and interactive experiments inspired the idea of holding a festival. The aim was to use such an event to present intermedia projects for discussion and broadcast, starting out from radio play, acoustic art and sound art.

The rest of the story can be quickly told: In November 1999, Bayerischer Rundfunk initiated the media arts festival intermedium 1, which took place in the Academy of Fine Arts in Berlin and was linked with numerous broadcasts. The partners were the radio play departments of ARD, DeutschlandRadio und and the Center for Art and Media Karlsruhe.

intermedium 1 presented Intermedia Performance Audiolounge Discussion Radio Play Film.
In order to make sure that the initiative intermedium also retains the perspective of conceptual and media openness and thus avoids rigidity, the festival will be created anew each time at changing locations with changing event partners and coproducers: After intermedium 1 in Berlin and intermedium 2 in Karlsruhe, Munich will be the centre for intermedium 3, in 2004.

intermedium is a network for media art. intermedium combines festival events and broadcasts in the media of radio and the World Wide Web. Organizationally intermedium is based at Bayerischer Rundfunk and is being realized in collaboration with cultural institutions, media centres, theatres and public broadcasting corporations.

intermedium is interdisciplinary and sees itself as an initiative of radio to try out artistic cooperations with other media and arts; in addition to the developing and presenting of artistic projects, intermedium is involved in the debate on technical-artistic matters and on media and cultural policy. The topics are: electronics as a lifestyle, the everyday routine of intermedia, cyber modernity, media totality, the interaction between art and media, pop culture, industry and piracy, media convergence, network art and art in the age of globalization, the information society.

Herbert Kapfer
Head of the Radio Play and Media Art Department at BR, Initiator and Head of the Biennial intermedium


Peter Weibel
intermedium: remapping the media

The technical transformation of artistic practices over the last 150 years or so, namely since the early days of photography and the emergence of the technical visual media, has created a new direction in art and an art of the new direction. During this time, attempts have been made to elaborate on the specific conditions of the respective medium hosting the image and the respective machine hosting the sound and to explore their mutual dovetailing synchronicity and synaesthesia are the buzzwords here. This explosion of the visual and acoustic thanks to new media and machines gave rise not only to an immense universe of images, but also generated a great number of new functions and fields for images and sounds.

For many years, the aesthetic criteria devised in relation to classical panel paintings could not be aligned to the fast-growing universe of technical images. Ever greater became the gap between the images of the mass media, science and everyday life generated by men and machines, on the one hand, and the images created by artists who did their best to conform with the traditional aesthetic codes, on the other. The question as to whether technical images could be artistic has thus been a matter of fierce debate for a good 150 years. And the question seems to have been answered, at least temporarily, along with that on the specific discourse and unique properties of the respective media. At present, the focus seems to be on developing a new cartography of the media and crossing the borders between the individual media.

In the 1960s, this differentiation of diverse media was for the first time construed as a meta-discourse and labeled multimedia or intermedia. This was taken to mean either an accumulation and addition of the media and/or an aesthetic which oscillated between the media. Influenced by the scientific methodologies of cybernetics, semiotics and structuralism, media that had hitherto been separate were considered texts that, while obeying specific intrinsic conditions, could nevertheless be subsumed under the universal concept of a code or text. Media as texts called for intertextual skills. Intertextuality and intermediality thus became related notions, the two sides of a broader concept of artistic practice.

Given the realities of life, which at the end of the 20th century were decisively influenced by the print and electronic media establishing a global presence that envelopes the classical notion of tangible reality, art is a meta-discourse that functions at an intertextual level it is the only possibility for critical discourse in order to shed analytical light on the heterogeneous web of the media world, that patchwork of various macro- and micro-discourses.

The issue of multiple identity as is emphasized in the title of the intermedium 2 festival, stems precisely from those techno-transformations of the social sphere as are reflected in the multiple media. These techno-transformations, generated by the mechanical mobility in the form of railways, autos and airplanes, by communication machines in the form of telegraphy, telephony, TV, and by the visual machines of photography, film, and TV, all have roots in how we experience the space-time continuum until these media arose, such experience was centered purely on the body, and their emergence has thus radically changed the individual's potentiality.

The post-human subject and the post-modern information society correlate in the optional individual, who in the course of his life tries out the different positions, or in the positional subject who, in the course of his life, tries out those positions which society has to offer. The individual becomes variable, or as Robert Musil analyzed in his superb novel with the telling title Man Without Qualities when he portrayed what Jean Baudrillard has termed the historical "blackmailing of identity": "He sensed: this order is not as firm as it purports to be; no thing, no I, no form, no principle is safe..."
The discourses, performances, installations, audio plays, networks, and videos at intermedium 2 are intended to highlight these changes.

Peter Weibel
born in 1944 in Odessa. Since 1976, Weibel has been teaching at many universities and academies in Europe and in the US. From 1984 to 1989, he was Director of the Media Department of New York University, Buffalo. In 1989, he founded the Institut für neue Medien at the Städelschule in Frankfurt am Main. From 1986 to 1995, he was Artistic Director of the Ars Electronica Linz; from 1993 to 1998, he was Artistic Director of the Neue Galerie am Landesmuseum Joanneum in Graz; from 1993 to 1999, he was Austrian Commissioner at the Biennale in Venice. Since 1999, Weibel has been the Chairman of the ZKM in Karlsruhe


intermedium records

The label intermedium records is part of the concept intermedium. Since January 2000 the label intermedium records has published new and historical radio plays and soundtracks whose content is connected with the festival or its theme.

intermedium records is edited by Herbert Kapfer, Bayerischer Rundfunk / Radio Play and Media Art, in cooperation with the organizing partners of the festival intermedium.

Ammer Buhlert Ca Mi Tokujiro Chrislo Console Dead City Radio DJ Spooky Farin Harlan Jeck Kid 606 Karmakar Kluge Laar Loopspool Meinecke Minetti Move D Platzgumer Sparks Stork Zeitblom
- the sampler intermedium from one2two documents the label's CD publications in the period between the festivals intermedium 1 and intermedium 2.